The Zhenjiu Dacheng(Great Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion) is a digest of acupuncture and moxibustion writings from the Download entry PDF. Zhen jiu da cheng (The great compendium of acupuncture and moxibustion) was compiled by Yang Jizhou (‒), courtesy name Jishi. 人民卫生出版社, Beijing: Ren min wei sheng chu ban she, Yang, Jizhou, active Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1.

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o in Yang Jizhou published his representative book. Zhen Jiu Da Cheng ( 針灸大成 Great Compendium of. Acupuncture and Moxibustion), which describes. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Richard Bertschinger and others published Zhenjiu Dacheng. Tr crypt xpack gen3 avira download. Download de hacker para transformice gratis. Autocad p id download crack idm. Nepali patro download movies.

Both Xu Feng's biorhythmic system and Dr. Manaka's topological theory may be explained through the Nan Jing idea of a central source and its ability to respond to external energies.

If we conceive of this source as an ocean, or in more modern terms an energetic field, we may posit that it is capable of responding to both internal and external influences. The idea of a heaven-person-earth triad implies that the meeting of heavenly and earthly influences in the person is mutually interactive.

The source receives and transmits signals. Small biases and minor gradients, even perhaps those as small as the early bioelectrical patterns of the ovum, result in the channeling of the body's energies in predictable patterns.

As the Nan Jing describes, each of the meridian and organ systems branches through the body from this source. Just as the patterns of heavenly influence were described as stems and branches, the patterns of energetic influence in the human body are the stems and branches of the source. Through these the function of the whole may be affected. The extraordinary vessels are a specific aspect of this complex and subtle interchange of signals.

Here, the idea of a field is of considerable use. While field descriptions and theories are often mathematical and complex, the idea itself is simple.

A field is an area where an energy or energies are active, or potentially active. There are many well known examples. The field of a magnet and the gravitational field of the earth are both generally known. Less understood, and more recently discovered, are the fields that surround biological life.

In effect, a field is a space where energies or objects that enter the area are acted upon in some way. The action that occurs varies according to the type of field, energy or object that interacts. In every instance, the field is a description of the force that is exerted upon the energy or object influenced. In the present context, we may conceive of the human energetic system as a complex field, thus creating a picture of the relationships and interactions theorized in acupuncture.

The heaven-person- earth triad may be seen as a diagram of potential interaction between three fields. The mutuality of the interaction is the result of their association; a change or stimulus in one field will affect the "overlapping" fields. Some of these stimuli will be energetic, that is, the quantity or quality of the energies will be changed. For example, absorbing or diminishing the quantity of an energy in one part of the field will have an effect not only on the other parts of that field, but also on any other field the interaction of which is in some way dependent on the quantity of the diminished energy.

In many ways the self regulating nature of the five element phases is a description of a field where various deficits or excesses change the distribution of energy in the field.

Other interactions will be informational. For example, if the metabolism of an organism is in some way determined by the temperature of the surrounding atmosphere, cooling that atmosphere will not diminish the energy, the amount of the signal, but the organism's response will change.

The idea of "cold invasion" comes to mind easily.

While the external perverse cold energy does enter the meridian, that is, a material change of the meridian energy occurs, there are also changes in the function of other elements of the meridian system that are not directly invaded. The existence of the cold in the meridian signals defensive adaptations.

In this regard the classical idea of defense or wei qi clearly has a warning or informational function. The Nan Jing and subsequent descriptions of human energetic interrelations are easily conceived as overlapping fields. The level of no-form is entirely energetic and informational, the exchange between microcosm and macrocosm is most powerfully organizational. The division of yin and yang, fire and water, is also predominantly an exchange of information, the quality of the result is determined by the relative mix of the potentials described by these symbols.

Ming men, the hara, the uterus, the oceans of qi and blood represent a more material, yet still predominantly energetic set of relationships and exchanges. These are the fields within the field of no-form. In turn, the triple warmer, master of the heart and the eight extraordinary vessels have a dual role.


In some instances we are concerned with the quality and quantity of the energy, in other instances we are concerned with their role as an information network. If the triple warmer energy carried to the source points is excess or deficient, the resulting imbalance will be material, or metabolic. If the energy is sufficient, yet mistimed or misdirected, the result will be the malfunction of the systems that depend on its signals for their function.

In the extraordinary vessels, some of the ascribed functions are metabolic, the interchange of energy. Others are informational.

In their role as "seas" they effect the distribution of qi. As topological entities they provide for the exchange of information throughout the organism.


As with all Chinese energetic concepts these two functions are neither completely distinct nor separable. One salient point of the classical theorists is that such a separation is more conceptual than real. To take advantage of this realization, we must become familiar with the extraordinary vessel pathways. Concerning the extraordinary vessels, there has never been such a precise consensus.

Since there have been many interpretations of the earliest explanations of the extraordinary vessels from the Su Wen, Ling Shu and Nan Jing, determining their trajectories is not an easy undertaking.

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Nonetheless, the main sources for this information must be the earlier classics. We have also used the Lei Jing, or Classic of Categories. It is important to remember that all these great texts are the written record of the experience and observation of their authors.

Thus, in addition to the problems of translating a character language, where there is no absolute certainty that the modern meaning of a character is indeed its ancient meaning, there are the problems inherent in any language. Describing the energetic pathways of the human body in words, or in two dimensional drawings, is no simple task.

The mental exercise required to reduce a three dimensional form to words or artistic representation is subject to considerable uncertainty.

Is a line on the side of the face behind the lips on the front of the face, or is it at the front of the side? Though a practitioner or author may easily recognize or locate the indications of a pathway, often he cannot precisely describe this knowledge in a chart or expression.

This is further complicated by the pathway or meridian concept itself. When we write or teach, we find the idea of a channel to be useful.

Yet, are there really channels? Are we discussing some physical analog of the meridian concept, if so, is this analog an actual, linear path that contains the energy flow as an aqueduct contains water? Since what we expect to "flow in the meridians" is an energy, an extremely subtle energy, such a physical conduit is unlikely. Further, physical channels have not been found. What has been found is different electrical properties in areas that correspond to the Oriental medical concepts of points and meridians.

If we are to discuss the flow of energy and ascribe lateral and vertical direction to it, to allocate points along its path and posit the results of stimulating those points, we need to propose some idea of how this energy moves.

We begin with the presumption that when we are discussing meridians we are discussing gradients. Further, these gradients operate within fields, areas of potential influence. Qi, while it may be much more than electricity, is similar to electricity in that it can be described as moving from an area of greater or lesser potential to an area of a complementary and opposite potential.

Thus, meridians may be thought of as the path of least resistance between gradients. The meridian description as a line or channel is a practical means of describing and organizing the phenomena by which we observe the transference of this energy. This is particularly true of the extraordinary vessels. SSHL, often accompanied by tinnitus and vertigo, severely affects quality of life because of limiting the ability to communicate [ 2 ], and can lead to patients experiencing anxiety and fear.

The etiology of SSHL is uncertain in most patients. It might be associated with viral infection, vascular disturbance, intra-cochlear membrane rupture or inner ear disease [ 8 , 9 ].

However, for the majority of patients an etiologic factor is not identified [ 10 ]. Therefore, the treatment of SSHL has usually been empirical. Currently, the most common therapies include systemic and intratympanic steroids, antiviral agents, vasodilators, and hyperbaric oxygen, among others.

However, numerous systematic reviews have indicated that there is no evidence showing that steroids, antiviral agents or vasodilators can definitely be effective in the treatment of SSHL [ 11 — 15 ]. Acupuncture therapy widely used in China is a significant component of traditional Chinese medicine.

According to traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture therapy functions by means of stimulating certain acupoints on the human body to activate meridians and collaterals and regulate the function of Zang-fu organs, Qi and Blood. Since ancient times, there have been reports of acupuncture being used to treat symptoms of SSHL. At present, plenty of clinical studies of acupuncture for SSHL have been published with some promising results [ 16 — 22 ].

However, the quality of these clinical studies is uneven. To date, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses of acupuncture for SSHL have been reported.

Zhen jiu da cheng pdf download.

This led us to conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the use of acupuncture in treating SSHL to summarize the available evidence, appraise the evidence level, and offer suggestions for future research and treatment. These databases were searched without language restriction from their inceptions until July Search terms consisted of three groups: disease sudden sensorineural hearing loss and other related terms ; intervention acupuncture and other related terms and study type randomized controlled trial and other related terms.

The different search terms for the above databases are shown in S1 Table. The three groups of terms were combined and the search results were downloaded into Endnote libraries for each database. The results for all searches were combined, and the duplicates were removed. We also checked the reference lists of eligible articles obtained from additional studies. Anal Chem. Epub Jun 7. Epub Jun 4.

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West J Emerg Med. Epub Apr The dynamics of forming a triplex in an artificial telomere inferred by DNA mechanics. Nucleic Acids Res. Front Plant Sci.

Clinical efficacy and safety of paclitaxel liposomes as first-line chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer.From then on, Yang received favorable preferences from Zhao. Anal Chem. When we write or teach, we find the idea of a channel to be useful. What Matters in the Urbanisation of China? Epilepsia — PubMed Google Scholar Fu B, Li H Clinical study of epilepsy treated by medical thread embedding therapy with the application of differentiation of symptoms and signs and principle of point selection in acumoxibustion.

There are many well known examples. Chin J Cancer Res.

The heaven-person- earth triad may be seen as a diagram of potential interaction between three fields.